The Wonderful Danube, Queen of the Rivers

“Where would I be without Johann Strauss’s beautiful ‘Blue Danube?’
Without this piece of music I wouldn’t be the man I am today.
It’s a tune that brings out the emotion in everyone
and makes them want to waltz.”
André Rieu

“Danube Love Medley”, performed by André Rieu and Johann Strauss Orchestra (courtesy of Sergei Egorov):


Beautiful Attractions and Landmarks Along The Danube River - The Geographical Cure

“The rhythm of the ‘Blue Danube’ waltz rippled and rang and sang in his head,
the lights of a thousand chandeliers glinted and prismed,
and for a heartbeat Shadow was a child again,
and all it took to make him happy was to ride the carousel:
he stayed perfectly still, riding his eagle-tiger at the center
of everything, and the world revolved around him.
“American Gods”, Neil Gaiman


Courtesy of Little Big World:


A river that is unusual, to say the least, flows through ten countries in Central and Eastern Europe.  In each country, it has a different name and has witnessed over the centuries a different history unfolding. This river is Europe’s second-longest one, after the Volga, and it is the Danube. Its length is an impressive 2,860 km.

Courtesy of Kwik Facts:


There are various theories as to the origins of the Danube’s name. One links it to the old European German name for river – Donau. Another originates from a mythological source – the Latin Roman river god known as Danubius. Others point to the ancient indigenous Slavonic tribes who called the river Great Water.

The Roman god Danubius


The Danube was once a long-standing frontier of the Roman Empire.

Courtesy of romanfrontiers:


The Danube flows through the countries: Germany (Schwarzwald), Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Croatia, Serbia, Bulgaria, Romania, Moldova, and Ukraine. The cities it touches are Ingolstadt, Linz, Belgrade, Bratislava, Vienna, and Budapest.

Below is the city of Linz in Austria:


Linz from the air, courtesy of Skyviews 4K:



“The Danube in Serbia” (courtesy of National Tourism Organisation of Serbia):


The Danube starts in Germany and after a lengthy journey ends in the Black Sea. The most important economic use of the Danube is the movement of freight. It is a well-known fact that out of all the cities connected with the Danube, Vienna is the most liveable capital city in Europe and in the world. After watching many documentaries about Vienna, I had to agree. It also reminded me of the extraordinary story about the way coffee was first introduced to Europe. It was during the siege of Vienna by the Ottoman Empire led by Suleiman the Magnificent. A Polish man, Jerzy Franciszek Kulczycki, a traveller and an explorer living at the time in Vienna, decided to help King John Sobieski to repel the siege. As he spoke eight languages, including Turkish to perfection, he dressed in Turkish clothes and during the night left Vienna for the Turkish camp. Talking to the men in the camp he was able to find out what was planned. Back in the city, he was able to warn the king and prevent problems during the attack. After the siege was destroyed and the Turks repelled, the King asked him what he would like to have as a reward. To everyone’s surprise, Kulczycki asked for a huge number of bags of brown beans. No one could think what they were for. In a short time, Kulczycki opened a shop/drinking establishment, called The Blue Bottle where he served an aromatic drink – coffee made tastier to European likings by the addition of milk and honey. Everyone, including the King, loved the beverage, and that is how coffee conquered Europe.



The Turkish invader – Suleiman the Magnificent

A whirl around Vienna’s coffee houses (courtesy of The Guardian):


Vienna gave the world two other gifts. The Austrian composer, Johann Strauss II, composed the waltz ‘By the Beautiful Blue Danube’. In the beginning, it received a lukewarm reception. When in 1867 at the Paris World Fair the waltz was presented in an orchestrated version, it become a worldwide sensation. It became the unofficial Austrian national anthem. And the other gift? Why, the famous patisseries about which I can hardly write without drooling onto my laptop.





What did I tell you? Who would resist the temptation?

Courtesy of Cookist, how to prepare Danube Wave Cake:


This waltz also made the fortunes of a violinist André Rieu.  For many years he has delighted audiences all over the world with his enchanting version of waltzes, the Blue Danube, and many others. Not quite knowing why he was so popular, one day I had the chance to see a whole concert of his, and it was a revelation. He and his artists, singers, and dancers perfectly represent sunny, happy Vienna. His message was obvious: be happy, enjoy life, it is the only one you will have. Others have written about him – he is quite simply a musical phenomenon like no other, a true King of Romance, having sold a massive 40 million CDs and DVDs and having had 30 Number Ones.



“The Beautiful Blue Danube”, performed by André Rieu and his Johann Strauss orchestra:


The Danube bisects the Hungarian capital, Budapest. The two parts of Budapest, Buda and Pest, are connected by the 19th-century Chain Bridge, which connects the hilly Buda district with the flat Pest. The imposing buildings of the Hungarian Parliament framed by the vast expanses of the Danube are the only thing I can mention of Hungary. In contrast to joyous Vienna, Budapest has a tragic history from the time of the Communist regime.

The Shoes on the Danube Bank is a memorial erected on April 16 2005, in Budapest, Hungary. Conceived by film director Can Togay, he created it on the east bank of the Danube River with sculptor Gyula Pauer to honour the Jews who were killed by fascist Arrow Cross militiamen in Budapest during World War II. They were ordered to take off their shoes, and were shot at the edge of the water so that their bodies fell into the river and were carried away. It represents their shoes left behind on the bank.

Courtesy of Discovering Travel:



The other thing worth mentioning is Hungary’s world-famous culinary invention – goulash. If you don’t know the taste of goulash – you have not lived! Here is the recipe for Goulash from The Hairy Bikers:


  • 1kg good braising steak, preferably chuck steak
  • 1 tbsp sunflower oil
  • 3 medium onions, cut into 12 wedges
  • 3 garlic cloves, crushed
  • 2 tsp hot smoked paprika
  • 1 tbsp paprika
  • 1 beef stock cube (Oxo works well here)
  • 600ml cold water
  • 400g can of chopped tomatoes
  • 2 tbsp tomato purée
  • 2 bay leaves
  • 1 red pepper
  • 1 green pepper
  • 1 orange pepper
  • flaked sea salt
  • freshly ground black pepper
  1. Preheat the oven to 170°C/Fan 150°C/Gas 3½. Trim any hard fat off the beef and cut the meat into rough 4cm chunks. Season well with salt and freshly ground black pepper.
  2. Heat the oil in a large flameproof casserole dish. Add the steak and fry over a high heat until nicely browned all over, turning regularly. Tip the onions into the pan and cook with the beef for 5 minutes until softened. Add the crushed garlic and cook for a further minute, stirring regularly.
  3. Sprinkle both paprikas over the meat and crumble the beef stock cube on top. Add the water, tomatoes, tomato purée and bay leaves. Season with salt and pepper, stir well and bring to a simmer. Cover with a tightly fitting lid and transfer the dish to the oven. Cook for 1½ hours.
  4. While the beef is cooking, remove the core and seeds from each pepper and chuck them away. Cut each pepper into chunks of about 3cm. When the beef has cooked for 1½ hours, carefully remove the dish from the oven. Stir in the peppers, put the lid back on and put the goulash back in the oven for a further hour or until the beef is meltingly tender.
  5. Serve with small portions of rice and spoonfuls of soured cream if you like, but don’t be too generous – soured cream contains less fat than double cream but still has 30 calories per tablespoon!


The Danube flows through the Black Forest, a beautiful part of Germany, Bavaria. The district capital is Munich which was originally a duchy, established in the 6th century, and between 1801-1918 was the Kingdom of Bavaria. Years back, I was passing through Bavaria with my family and I was very impressed. The little towns, colourful and so clean that you might think they were only built yesterday, the noisy pubs full of happy people, the tables groaning with plates of sausages, sauerkraut and potatoes, sublime crusty rolls, and of course the beer. The forests envelop the Danube and the towns; it is a lovely place to visit.

A charming polka inspired by the Black Forest: “Im Scharzwald, Polka Francaise Op. 164” by Carl Michael Ziehrer (courtesy of ziehrereien478):



The Black Forest and the source of the Danube (courtesy of zitania):






I have a reader in Germany who writes to me often, always commenting very positively about the weekly posts in the blog and reading the latest one first thing on a Saturday morning (when it is published), with a cup of coffee. I thank her.

Danube, Europe’s Amazon (courtesy of ScienceVision Filmproduktion):


For those readers who have time to immerse themselves longer….

Courtesy of Nedercondor:


“The Voice of the Danube” (courtesy of The Secrets of Nature):


I also recommend the stories to to be found at the Route of Emperors and Kings blog:


56 thoughts on “The Wonderful Danube, Queen of the Rivers

  1. Joanna,
    As usual your blog on the Danube was engaging from beginning to end and I will confess, I am confused. I will state here that I have a fascination with maps and I often go to Google Earth to follow someone’s journey. You write that the Danube begins in Serbia, yet the country list begins with Germany and ends with Ukraine. Most description of a river’s beginnings lists the headwaters-in this case near the Black Forest of Germany with the confluence of two streams of different names. So far, I have not observed this confusion in listing source and mouth of other rivers you explore. Was this intentional or did you have some other meaning for “beginning”?
    Regardless, this was another lovely exploration of a river, its beauty and cultures. Stewart


  2. Thank you, Stewart, for your analytical and kind comments. Mea culpa! The Danube starts in Germany.
    I do appreciate that you read my post with such attention! I have to add that I wrote about the food for the benefit of the travellers, as I am vegetarian I would not eat any dishes I have described there.



  3. No worries. I thought perhaps you meant to say something else, like YOU were beginning with references to Serbia. There are so many interesting economic and cultural connections which resulted from explorers from the Black Sea end – viz Turkey, Constantinople. Stewart


  4. Thank you, Stewart, for your additional comments. Greatly appreciated.



  5. Wow this post is so amazing! I felt like I was there. The videos are great!


  6. Thank you so much for your very kind comments. I do hope you will read more of The Great Rivers series!
    Greatly appreciated.


    Liked by 1 person

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